Each year, very nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for gender recognition should make sure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the managing director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation with all the University of Leipzig, is promoting initial method that is operational very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How exactly does this work?
Our method is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We know that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, are actually contained in the non-incubated egg and so are just created when you look at the egg that is female.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine times through to the hormone are available in the egg in adequate amount. Then we draw out a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a marker that is biochemical.
This then shows, having a color modification, or perhaps a sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then came back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
To date, nonetheless, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last couple of years, we now have made amazing progress in refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nevertheless, the method has only been utilized in our in-house hatchery to date. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is basically because the true number of laying hens remains manageable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, I will be seeing a growing wide range of respeggt eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of russian bride painting attempting to sell these eggs in every its German branches by the termination associated with season.
Beginning year that is next we’ll then provide and then make our technology accessible to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is carried out in a cost-neutral means.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly signify you first need to make an advance re payment. How come that the outcome?
Our enterprize model is made of supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only if the eggs that are first obtainable in supermarkets. We now have developed a Respeggt logo design to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
This will be a definite added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence fee because we made the hatching eggs offered by the start of the supply string.
The consumer, consequently, would also help alleviate problems with chickens that are young being slaughtered considering that the cost of eggs should be somewhat increased.
Any kind of other means of the very early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally within the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more about these processes, as his or her development obviously occurs in today’s world.
In every full instance, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made available. I will be maybe not just concerned with your competition, but additionally in regards to the dilemma of killing chickens that are young.
In all honesty, running the complete sector with just one technology is a challenge that is serious.
Is the fact that because your reach continues to be too little?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery this current year – that is merely a fall within the ocean considering that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
This means we’re going to require a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we manage to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.
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As soon as the Seleggt technology ended up being established, it had been labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been found. A differnt one of those could be the use that is dual of. Could that end up being the future of chicken agriculture?
The very fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
This is actually the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and poultry meat. The rational objective, needless to say, is to reproduce hens which have a good laying performance, while their brothers have high fattening performance. That feels like a jack-of-all-trades variety of unit and that is just what it is.
Being an agricultural scientist with a PhD in farming, i will let you know there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building adequate muscle mass. Each one or even the other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction businesses continue to work intensively on this problem to ensure we now have an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.
Gender determination methods are only a solution that is temporary it can definitely be much more sustainable and in most of our passions when we could place an end to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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